The approximate positions of British and French forces at the battle are shown superimposed on a modern map of the area. The numbers in red denote British regiments: the 5th and 9th (from Hill's 1st Brigade), the 29th and 82nd (Nightingall's 3rd Bde.), the 50th and 91st (Crawfurd's 5th Bde.), and the 45th (Fane's 6th Bde.). The second French position on the Heights of Columbeira is shown as a solid blue line.
© Andrew C Jackson 2000